The Cold War Essay
When creating an essay on the Cold War, we have to start with defining this period. Its historical limits are designated unclearly, but Wikipedia claims that most people stick to the following timeframe: from 1946 to 1991. It imports that the Cold War flared up right after the World War II, stretching out in time right to the breakup of the USSR.
Having analyzed many articles and essays on the Cold War, PurEssay wants to present you with a comprehensive yet understandable post about this period of time. First of all, you should apprehend that the term Cold War refers to the prolonged drastic confrontation between two world powers: the Western Bloc, on which side the USA was, and the Eastern Block with the US main competitor – the Soviet Union.
Why did they call the war like this? Well, practically, it was not a war at all. At least, nobody used their weapons (although they kept them at the ready). When we define this term, the Cold War must be seen as a relatively peaceful diplomatic struggle, behind which great intrigues were hidden. Each side wanted to establish its domination over the competitor, but only in an unarmed way, as the world was already exhausted enough after the two world wars.
Causes of the Cold War
Now we switch over to the first major facet of the Cold War essay, that is answering the key question, was the Cold War inevitable? After the rivals brought World War II to a close, both superstates – the USA and the USSR – considered themselves a winner and were eager to rebuild a world according to their standards. But the USA and the Soviet Union had antipodal points of view on public management and ideology. The USSR wanted to establish communism all over the world, while Americans promoted capitalism. The authority of the Soviet Union boosted to an immensely high level after it had defeated Nazi Germany. Fearing that the communist ideology may gain mass support and spread worldwide, the USA started a palpable opposition against the USSR. All this naturally presents the Cold War as unavoidable to historians’ eyes.
Having analyzed all the facts, some of them even obstinately claim that the Cold War was a purely artificial conflict, fanned by the leaders of the countries in order for them to fulfil their own ambitions. The proof to this lies in the queer fact that the two nations, by which we mean ordinary people far from politics, had a highly distorted vision of each other. Americans believed that the Eastern Bloc wants to suppress and conquer them; the same moods filled the USSR towards Americans. What could that be if not an attempt of the leaders to keep the conflict alive? What was actually happening is now hidden behind the veil of years.
Consequences of the Cold War
In an essay on Cold War we find it inept to skip its consequences. First of all, let’s see the conflict in the economic perspective because the Cold War brought huge expenses. Thus, Americans blew no less than $8 trillion! Both states were preparing for a surprise nuclear attack from each other, so every day they habitually spent about $50 million dollars to develop weapons.
The Cold War helped some countries gain a leading position. After the Second World War, the United States, for example, actively supported the economic recovery and development of Japan and West Germany, which could be their allies in the upcoming fight against the Soviet Union.
The Cold War was also the reason why international organizations started cropping up. Nations created military alliances to overcome the threats generated by the confrontation. Among them, we can name NATO, the Western European Union, the Warsaw Pact and so on. The tendency spread all over the world. At the end of the Cold War, the role of regional organizations increased, and many of them succeeded in surviving and adapting to new conditions, particularly in the crisis management sphere. They became essential participants in settling moot international problems.
We should not overlook positive aftereffects, mostly connected to scientific development. The Cold War stimulated both basic science and applied technology, which originally evolved for military purposes. Later they were converted for civilian use, boosting ordinary people’s living standards. The Internet is a classic example: it originally appeared as a means of communication for the US military in case of a nuclear war with the Soviet Union.
Symbols of the Cold War
As for the symbols of the Cold War, we can enumerate a lot of them. Indeed, a historical process that lasted almost half a century could not simply vanish into thin air. We will continue with the most significant and indicative symbols.
- Checkpoint Charlie, situated right on the border, in Germany, was the place where people’s documents were thoroughly checked when citizens crossed the Berlin Wall in both directions. To put in metaphorically, this checkpoint presents the front line of the war, if a cold war can actually have one.
- The telephone that the leaders used for direct communication is one more significant symbol of the Cold War. A red phone apparatus was put into operation in 1963 and proved extremely helpful during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Now tourists can see how the red phone looked like in Jimmy Carter Library and Museum in Georgia.
- Historians see the Berlin Wall as another symbol of the Cold War. Finally, the Wall was destroyed (1989), the USSR collapsed (1991), and the Cold War was ended (the same year). Another great page of the world history turns over to introduce new faces and new events. But this is the point, at which all Cold War essays come to an end.
We have outlined main features of the Cold War for you. Being a relatively peaceful political competition between two giants of the 20th century, the Cold War left the world without the Soviet Empire, which collapsed in a natural sequence of events. If you want writers from PurEssay to write a similar Cold War essay for your studies, let us know through our order form. We guarantee accurate and free of plagiarism historical works that get only the highest scores.