Global Poverty Essay: Poverty And Globalization
The poverty problem
The issue of poor maintenance and the problem of population poverty are the main problems in the world today. Every state sooner or later faces such difficulties and searches for the ways out of the situation. It is known that poverty as a global problem means condition caused by the lack of resources of material nature for leading normal style of life that most part of planet population is used to. With the help of this essay about poverty we want to turn the attention of the world community to this extremely urgent problem one more time. Also if you are interested in essay writing, I can advise you really great essay writing service. Puressay.com provides you with original essays on any topic, it also gives an opportunity to order essay online and team of professional writers will compose an essay for you according to your demands.
Poverty as commercial problem. Types of poverty
Today the poverty problem for the specialists is connected with the fact that they try to distinguish different groups of poverty and to find solutions for each of them separately. The first group is families with workers that have low income. The citizens of rural districts and towns, as well as the unemployed belong to this group. The class of economical poverty and the new poor is formed in such a way. The need to talk about different groups means that there is inequality of poverty problem in the whole world. The second group is lonely pensioners, pensioners’ families that maintain the unemployed. The third group is the families of disable people, defective families, and large families with many children. This is traditional type of poverty.
How to find solution to poverty problem?
The question “How to solve the poverty problem” bothers economists all over the world. The main causes of this phenomenon are poor quality of life because of low income, insufficient material maintenance of population (first of all living conditions). Low income is connected with the following personal features: bad health, low competitive ability on the work market, insufficient education, limits in working ability, low quality of family life and many others. Dealing with each point it is possible to solve the problem of poverty in the world or at least to improve the situation.
What ways of problem solution can be named?
The question how to solve the poverty problem definitely bothers the government of any country. According to the estimation method today those people who live on less than one dollar per day are considered poor.
Poverty problem in modern society and the main conceptions of its level
It is well known that the problem of poverty implies the existence of three conceptions of its definition. The first one is the conception of absolute poverty. Income needed for the maintenance of the minimum family needs is estimated according to this conception. The second one is the conception of relative poverty, the main criterion of which is minimum needs of a human. For the third conception the solution of the poverty problem is connected with subjective estimation of means required for socially acceptable level of life. The basic is the principal of the principle of calculation of the subsistence minimum for a person.
Social and economic poverty
Social poverty traditionally concerns poor and poorly protected layers of the population, and economic poverty concerns the citizens who are able to work. Such division helps scientists and specialists to look for efficient ways of the problem solution, because for each of the mentioned groups the issue of poverty is connected with its special features, characteristics and also demands.
Globalization and poverty
Poverty is one of the global challenges, solution to which the world community will search for many decades. It is the initial reason or parallel factor of many global problems, what naturally makes it more difficult to find their solutions. At the same time poverty itself causes many factors that act on the global level.
Poverty is a social phenomenon. It is projected on the economics, social relations, politics, culture; it directly influences such basic characteristics of the life of any person as health condition and education level. That is why it is so important to figure out what is poverty of the last decade, what will happen to it in the nearest future. Will its rate change, and if it changes, then where and how? Scientists from all over the world try to answer these questions.
Poverty as a global problem
There is an ancient abyss between the “gold” and “hungry” milliards, they have contrast level, quality and style of life. At the age of globalization this difference becomes more obvious.
The fact that today poverty is mainly the problem of the countries of “the third world” does not the problem less urgent for the highly developed countries. Inability of the most countries to overcome the poverty problem on their own made the problem of poverty global and common for the whole humanity. World society believes that the gap between rich and poor nations can not disappear if we count on the natural way of things without taking measures on all levels, from local to global.
On the one hand, globalization in its modern form unites the world, but on the other hand vise versa it strengthens and worsens the inner contradictions.
Main danger of the world division into zones of well-being and poverty is that in the conditions of global transformation the connection of poverty with other global risks, such as illegal migration, terrorism, criminal actions growth and so on, becomes stronger.
Social tense caused by poverty and slow development pushes the politics and governments of the poor states to look for inner and external enemies, provokes conflicts and increases the risk of international terrorism. All the states, whatever sizes, wealth or location they have, face old and new risks in the age of globalization.
World poverty is a serious problem for the developed countries. Poor existence, unsanitary, bad health make the population of the poor states target of various infection and epidemic diseases, which create risks for the rich countries as well (HIV, Ebola, atypical pneumonia and other pandemics).
The poverty problem gets worse with the development of demographical processes. In the nearest 20 year the population of the Earth will become bigger for another 1.5 billion people. More than 97% of this number will live in developing countries.
Today ¾ of the poorest planet habitants live in rural area. In 2005 30% of the world citizens 1 billion people) lived in ghetto (slum). Life in the ghettos implies the high level of diseases, child death-rate, crimes and other forms of antisocial behavior.
In such a way poverty becomes complex problem: economic, social, cultural, political, international with huge destabilizing potential in global rate. It is obvious that it will be one of the most painful points of the world agenda.
Poverty in rich countries
Poverty in rich countries is relative concept. Here we talk about inequality of wealth distribution, about serious deviations from the life standards of a country, limits in the choice of life opportunities.
There are many methods of poverty estimation. As we have already mentioned there are absolute, relative and subjective types of estimation. Today according to the data of the World Bank 1.4 billion people live at the absolute poverty threshold.
The poverty problem in a separate state as well as in the world goes beyond the economic issues. It is the basic part of the complex of challenges that humanity faces in the conditions of globalization. Now we also talk about the nature preserving, atomic war prevention, solution of interethnic and interreligious conflicts, improvement of life quality and human creative potential development. World community can find answers to these questions if refuse “globalization without social justice” in favor of “globalization with human face”, paying more attention to the development of social and moral aspects of life, basing on the principles of mutual help for the sake of humanity.
Now, having read this world poverty essay, you realize how much serious the problem is. Only helping and respecting each other we can fight the poverty problem. More essays on poverty or on any other topic you can find on our website.